In the human body, there are two kidney organs, each of which is about the size of two bean shapes. Each is located on the left and right sides of your spine, just below your rib cage. As a kidney filters half a cup of blood every minute, it removes waste products and water to produce urine.
Your kidneys suddenly stop working properly due to acute kidney injury (AKI). A minor loss of kidney function can lead to a complete failure of the kidneys.
Usually, acute renal failure or acute kidney injury occurs due to another severe illness. . In these cases, kidney failure treatment is imperative.
Symptoms Of Acute Kidney Injury
- Sickness or feeling sick
- Less frequent urination
If you find the above symptoms for you & others, immediately get acute renal failure treatment.
Risk Factors Of Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease is associated with the following factors:
- High blood pressure
- Heart (cardiovascular) disease
- Chronic kidney disease in the family
- Structure of the kidneys that is abnormal
- Kidney damage can be caused by frequent use of medications
- Older age
You can suffer from chronic kidney disease in almost every area of your body. Chronic kidney disease treatment includes managing symptoms, kidney transplant, or dialysis.
Complication Of Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease can affect nearly every part of the body. Possible complications include:
- Fluid retention can lead to swelling in the arms and legs, high blood pressure, fluid in the lungs, or pulmonary edema.
- Hyperkalemia is a sudden increase in potassium levels that can lead to heart problems and even death.
- Heart disease
- A higher risk of fractures due to weak bones
- Reduced sex drive, erectile dysfunction, or fertility
- Your central nervous system can be damaged, which could lead to personality changes, seizures, difficulty concentrating, and other problems.
- You are more susceptible to infection if your immune response is lower
- End-stage kidney disease is irreversible damage to your kidneys that eventually leads to dialysis and a transplant.
- Complications during pregnancy that pose risks to both mother and fetus
Prevention Of Kidney Disease
By maintaining healthy blood pressure and cholesterol, a balanced diet can help reduce the risk of developing kidneyfailure.
A balanced diet should include the following:
- Plenty of fruits and vegetables. Every day, consume at least five portions of fruits and vegetables
- Starchy foods such as potatoes and whole grain bread or rice can be included in meals
- Some dairy products or dairy alternatives
- Some beans, pulses, eggs, meat, and fish can be used as sources of protein.
- Sugar, salt, and saturated fat levels are low.
It is possible to be offered advice on dietary changes that may help you with kidney disease. For example, reducing the amount of potassium and phosphate in your diet.
Best Diet For Kidney
High blood pressure and diabetes are the leading risk factors for kidney disease. The risk can be increased by smoking, obesity, gender, genetics, and age.
High blood pressure and uncontrolled blood sugar can cause kidney damage, which reduces their ability to function optimally.
A special diet should be followed by people with kidney disease.
Although dietary restrictions can vary, it is common to restrict the following nutrients for people with kidney disease:
- Sodium. Sodium can be found in many foods and is a major component of table salt. The blood levels of sodium can rise when the kidneys are damaged. Do not exceed 2000 mg of sodium per day.
- Phosphorus. Excessive phosphorus can cause kidney damage. High levels of phosphorus can lead to kidney damage. There is no risk of causing any damage to the body if dietary phosphorus levels are lower than 800-1,000 mg per day in most patients
- Potassium. There are many important functions that potassium plays in the body. However, people with kidney disease must limit potassium intake to prevent dangerously high blood levels. It is recommended that potassium intake be limited to less than 2000 mg daily.
Consult a kidney doctor to learn more about the diet plan for your healthy kidney.
If you have any concerns about the food you are eating, you should always seek the advice of your healthcare provider before making any changes.
A person’s diet must be adapted according to the type and degree of kidney damage, along with medication, acute renal failure treatment, or dialysis treatment used.